The 9 Essentials to Sheltering in Place

When it comes to emergencies there’s items that are necessities and there’s items that are luxuries.Generally speaking you want to tackle the necessities first and then add additional items to increase the comfort level of the situation.

Here are 9 essentials you should have during a sheltering in place scenario, (keep in mind that you may be required to shelter in place somewhere besides your own home):

1.Water- Plan on 1 Gallon per person, per day for drinking and sanitation.Our water storage category includes items like Datrex Water Pouches and 5-Gallon Water Containers that can help you with your water needs.

2.Food – A supply of 3-5 days per person.For a lot of people the first couple of days can be supplemented by what’s already in the house.However, to insure that you always have your emergency food supply ready to go I recommend one of our 3-21 Day Food Supplies.

3.Clothes – In your 72-Hour Kit you want to be sure you have an extra pair of clothes and shoes for each person in your group/family.

4.Medications – It’s a good practice to collect 3-5 days worth of any prescription medications that you’re taking.Also be sure to note expiration dates so that you can rotate them appropriately.

5.Flashlight -When it comes to flashlights, don’t go cheap.There are good flashlights out their that are very affordable.Here’s some great options: Ultra-Bright 3-LED Dynamo Flashlight, 12-LED StreamLine Flashlight, or the ULTIMATE Dynamo Solar Powered Survival Radio.

6.Can Opener – This is another item that you want to be sure is high quality.There’s nothing worse than a can opener that won’t open cans.

7.Radio – The ideal option for a radio is one that has multiple options for powering the radio including, batteries, hand-crank, AC/DC, and/or

solar.The ULTIMATE Dynamo Solar Powered Survival Radio is a great option for this.

8.Hygiene Kit -Start with just the basics, soap, toilet paper and a toothbrush is enough to get most people by for 3-5 days.

9.First Aid Kit – Again, from a starting point perspective make sure that your first-aid kit at lest includes, antiseptic, gloves, bandages and your non-prescription medicine such as aspirin or Tylenol.

Put these 9 essential items in place and you’ve got a good foundation for a sheltering in place emergency kit!

LINK is here:–thereadystore.com_order–admin&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=monday–9-essentials-to-sheltering-in-place&utm_content=button&trk_msg=20FDNANP6NVKHANTI128Q98OJS&trk_contact=28G6I166SBF65U6872I9MU16BG

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Liz Writes Life 10-20-15

Liz Writes Life

Published in Siskiyou Daily News, Yreka, CA

October 20, 2015

The bit of rain over the weekend was welcome indeed. El Nino is expected to give Southern California a good batch of rain this winter, but the jury is still out on how far north it will reach. Weathermen are claiming it won’t be a very cold winter here in the West, which won’t help snow pack in our mountains. So, I will be praying for more rain and snow hoping God will provide!

Town Hall

Brandon Criss, Dist 1. Siskiyou County Supervisor, is holding a Town Hall on Wed. Oct. 21 from 4 to 6 p.m. in Little Shasta. Carol Crebbin has graciously opened her home for the meeting and is located at 6438 Lower Little Shasta Road. Supervisor Criss will discuss the Marijuana Ordinance, water issues and the status of Klamath dam removal and invites anyone interested to attend.


Mark Baird will speak tonight at the Yreka Tea Party Patriots meeting bringing the group up-to-date on the Jefferson Statehood movement and the situation on the Farmer’s Ditch in Scott Valley.
The CA. Dept. of Fish and Wildlife continues to delay an emergency permit for the group of farmers to fix their point of diversion on their ditch, so their livestock can have water to drink which is their legal water right.
Time for the meeting is 6:30 p.m. It is held at Covenant Chapel Church, 200 Greenhorn Rd, in Yreka.


The REC in Fort Jones is holding a Halloween Party for older type folks on Fri., Oct. 30 with music, dancing and a $50 prize for best costume. Doors open at 5 p.m. with pizza and beer available for purchase. At 8 p.m. “B Side” and “Stonewash” bands will play live music until 11 p.m. The REC is located next door to the gas station. Cost is $10 each. For more info, call 468-2888.


The Jenner Ranch is headed for an administrative trial brought by NOAA Fisheries. NOAA alleges that the ranch harmed Endangered Species Act listed coho salmon, but do not have any dead or harmed fish to prove it. The Jenner operation complies with CA. Dept. of Fish and Wildlife regulations, but the federal Oceanic Administration has made additional demands.
The trial is not by jury, but an administrative judge within NOAA will hold court and hear the case. The trial will be held at the Jackson County Courthouse up in Medford, Oregon. It is expected to start Nov. 2 and is scheduled to last for two weeks.
Scott Valley Protect Our Water is encouraging supporters to attend any part of the trial they can find time for. So far, the times of the trial have not been released by the federal government agency.
More info will be shared at the Protect Our Water meeting Thurs. Oct. 29 at the Fort Jones Community Center at 7 p.m.


Politics at its filthiest degree have been playing out regarding the Klamath dams. Just last week, an Oregon newspaper interviewed Oregon Congressman Greg Walden, who said he is in the process of drafting a new bill to get the Klamath dams removed.
I believe this is grandstanding on Walden’s part, because the Klamath Basin Restoration Agreement, called KBRA, is about to collapse. The KBRA has missed two deadlines for final completion during the past two years, Congress has not appropriated the monies for dam removal and now several Tribes are threatening to withdraw. Remember that the County of Siskiyou was not allowed to be a “stakeholder” and had no say in the KBRA, which demands that four well-maintained, functional hydro-electric dams be destroyed. Three of those dams are located within Siskiyou County. It is incredulous that Greenie groups, Tribes, the California Farm Bureau and government agencies are making decisions that will greatly affect Siskiyou County and its economy.

Here is the main point to remember, before reacting to the lies and threats by those who are against Siskiyou County and its people.
This draft bill is so “draft” that it has not yet been submitted to the Natural Resources Committee, of which it must first be approved and the monies designated, before it can be submitted to the entire House and then U.S. Senate to approve. This takes a lot of time.

Congressman Doug LaMalfa, CA. Dist. 1, and another CA. Congressman, Tom McClintock, sit on the Natural Resources Committee and have reiterated many times they will not be persuaded to vote for the destruction of the Klamath dams. Other members of the Natural Resources Committee also state they oppose any dam removal knowing it will start a domino-effect of removing other huge hydro-electric dams throughout the nation.
There is a possibility that Walden could tag a bill onto another unrelated bill – politics at its highest subterfuge – and there are people closely watching for this type of action.
Ultimately, Walden’s recent announcement looks like smoke and mirrors.

Liz Bowen is a native of Siskiyou County and lives near Callahan. Call her at 530-467-3515.

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Liz Writes Life 10-13-15

Oct. 13, 2015
Liz Writes Life

Published in Siskiyou Daily News, Yreka, CA

The garden is winding down although I can’t blame it on a frost. The cucumber, cantaloupe, watermelon and bean plants just wore out, so Jack pulled them up and piled them in the garden. We are hoping to get decomposed mulch next spring out of them. The tomatoes are still plugging away and along with the bell peppers and broccoli.
A friend loaned us her “Squeezo” for the ripe tomatoes. It is like a hand-grinder and takes out the seeds and the peel. Jack squeezed a lot of uncooked tomatoes. I made two pots into soup with celery, onion, garlic and spices. Ended up feeling it needed to be pressure canned and luckily my canner lid worked correctly, so I canned seven quarts. I hadn’t used it for over 10 years, but the rubber ring and pressure plugs were still in good shape. Some soup was left over, so I put two quarts in two zip-lock bags. The third pot had more plain tomato sauce than I realized and I was able to hot-water-bath 10 pints.
Rockin’ the REC
Sat. Oct. 17, 2015, the Three Larry’s will play a “Blue’s Harp Review” at The REC in Fort Jones starting at 7 p.m. This “Larry” night will feature Larry B and the “B” side; Larry Eaton with Jim Roy; and Larry Marks and the Ron Lovelace Band.
Then on Friday, Oct. 30th, The REC will host a Halloween Party. Put on your dancin’ shoes and join the fun starting at 5 p.m. with beer and pizza and then “The B Side” and “Stonewash” will play live music starting at 8 p.m. There will be a $50 prize for the best Halloween costume. Cost is $10 at the door. Call 468-2888 for more info.
Gun class
Andrew Hurlimann said to remind those who would like to take a California Concealed Weapon gun class that the last one for the year will be held Sat. Oct. 24 at the Etna City Hall. It starts at 9 a.m. Instructor Rick Deruyer does a good job covering all the rules. Call him at 530-524-7594 to get signed up.
A ranching family in Eastern Oregon is being terrorized by the federal government. This is a harsh statement, but the hypocrisy and lies of the Bureau of Land Management can be compared to a vicious pack of wolves.
For decades, the Hammond ranching family had worked cooperatively on prescribed burns to burn back invasive species. In 2001, Hammonds called the local BLM District Office to let them know they would be doing a burn that day on their private property. The fire did get away and is estimated to have burned into 139 acres of BLM managed land. A few years later, the Hammonds were back-burning on their cattle range to keep lightning-caused fires raging on BLM land from burning into their land – and burned one acre of BLM land.
It was years later in 2011, that the administrative branch of the federal government pressed charges for the fires, citing endangerment of human lives and damage to federal property. Dwight Hammond, then age 72 and his son, Steven Hammond, 43, were found guilty of “terrorism” and sentenced to fines and federal prison of five years each.
In 2012, a U.S. District Court Judge ruled the mandatory five-year minimum sentence imposed by the Anti-terrorism Act was excessive for the type of crime committed. Combined, the two Hammonds have spent one year and three months in federal prison.
But, the feds were not satisfied and, once again, revisited the trial. Last week both Hammonds were given five-year sentences in federal prison and a $400,000 fine. Oh, and BLM has not allowed any grazing by the Hammond cattle for two years.
Excessive and dastardly fit the description of the persecution by the federal government, its agencies and courts against the Hammonds. Ranching is certainly under siege and it looks like an ulterior motive may be to drive the Hammonds out-of-business, so the government can acquire the Hammond’s huge ranch. That is my opinion.
Yes, this Hammond family is related to the Siskiyou County Hammonds. Theo (Dowling) Johnson wrote an in-depth article on the situation for the recent “Western Livestock Journal” and is well-worth reading.
Now to bring this alarming situation closer to home: Another federal agency, NOAA (National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration) is bringing charges and demanding a trial against Scott Valley ranching family – the Jenners. NOAA claims the ranchers killed a few baby coho salmon, but have no proof. There are no fish bodies. The Jenners have complied with state regulations, including building fish screens to protect juvenile fish.
The farce of a trial starts Nov. 2 in Medford, Oregon at the Jackson County Courthouse. The Jenners need our support at this trial. I will share more info next week.
Scott Valley Protect Our Water will meet on Thurs., Oct. 29 at the Fort Jones Community Center. Time is 7 p.m.
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Liz Writes Life 10-6-15

Liz Writes Life
Oct. 6, 2015

Published in Siskiyou Daily News, Yreka, CA

A rant will kick off my column today. Question: Why don’t people slow down when they see a man waving wildly in their lane, a car off the side of the road and a logging truck stopped? Is it the mad desire to “own” the road that makes a driver think he is above slowing down?
I was driving to town last week and saw several head of yearling cattle running outside a fence. I stopped to open a gate that I figured was to the field they had escaped, just as Clint and Heather Whitchurch saw the situation and were stopping as well. Two of the critters went back in the field easily then we saw the wild-eyed one. I went after it in my car to head it off at the pass – so to speak. At that moment, no other cars were coming, so I did a “Y” turn to follow the yearling back towards the gate. All of a sudden there were more vehicles on this fairly quiet stretch of Highway 3. The logging truck driver came to a stop. I pulled off on the wrong side of the road hoping to direct the yearling to the gate and looked up to see a white SUV barreling at high speed. Clint was in the middle of the lane, waving his hands trying to caution the driver to let him know there was a problem ahead. He did not slow down! He almost ran over Clint. I am not kidding. Then instead of pointing his SUV between me and the slightly-distant logging truck, he was heading straight at me. Don’t know if it was a dozen guardian angels that finally stopped him, but he did slow down and missed me.
To the drivers who fit this scenario: Gee whiz, it just makes sense to slow down to asses a situation. Maybe you don’t care if you kill a person or a cow, but I would think you wouldn’t want the messy aftermath to deal with.
Ranchers work hard to keep their cattle fenced-in. They really don’t want to have any killed. But once or twice a year, I will spot a cow out while driving through the valley. So to do the neighborly thing, I stop to try to put it back in and or make a cell phone call to the cattle owner. (I carry a Siskiyou Telephone book in my car to look up numbers.) Come on please try to give some consideration to our local lifestyle. Oh, and I do want to praise truck drivers. They were the best ones to slow down and even stopped, when they saw there was a potential situation.
This is not the first time, I have seen this attitude by drivers and this lack of consideration is alarming. When I was a kid, we drove cattle from the East side of the valley down Horn Lane on up to Callahan – on horseback. It was an all day project. Back then, nearly all vehicle drivers were patient and even helpful. As an adult, I have helped drive cattle on the roads – and things became difficult as drivers became more impatient and arrogant. Now, ranchers rarely drive cattle on the highway, because many drivers are rude, angry and don’t seem to care if they hit a cow. Yep, I am still disgusted at this societal defect. Ranching, farming, gravel and logging are our custom and culture. If you move here, give us some respect on the roads. It just might save your life.
Tom Menne and Preston Harris, from the Scott Valley Groundwater Advisory Committee gave an update on the September groundwater levels at the Scott Valley Protect Our Water meeting on Sept. 24th. The monthly data shows that the 2015 groundwater levels were higher than the 2014 levels. Surprise! Apparently, the February high water and later thunderstorms added needed water into the Scott Valley groundwater even without the winter snowpack.
A myth or hypothesis has tried to tie irrigation from groundwater wells to the loss of water in the Scott River. This year, nearly all farming irrigation stopped Sept. 1, but the river water did not rise. Hum. Preston specifically questioned: When pumps are turned off, why doesn’t the river shoot back up – if there is indeed a direct connection between farmers’ irrigation and river levels?
Yes, there are different levels of water flows underground and some wells did go dry this year, but this seven-year study of 30 wells located throughout the valley, show the groundwater is not in overdraft and does refill itself better than some have surmised.
Sat. Oct. 17, 2015, three Larry’s will play a “Blue’s Harp Review” at The REC in Fort Jones starting at 7 p.m. For more info, call 468-2888.
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Liz Writes Life 9-29-15

Sept. 29, 2015
Liz Writes Life

Published in Siskiyou Daily News, Yreka, CA.

Unfortunately, low ticket sales have caused the Scott Valley Theater Company to cancel the Dixieland Band show that was planned for Oct. 4th at the Avery Memorial Theater in Etna. The group is refunding the ticket monies, but there is a mystery woman who called Che’usa and then went to a business in Yreka and purchased ? number of tickets. She had learned about the Dixieland Band concert through my column. So, we are hoping this lady will read this and return to that business and provide the number of tickets she purchased, so the Theater Company can provide a refund.

Water meeting

An attorney with experience in water rights and dams will be in Yreka this week to discuss the impacts of regulations, Tribes and dam removal. Larry Kogan is the attorney who was recently involved with the transfer of dams in Montana to several federally-recognized Tribes. The Siskiyou Water Users Assoc. is sponsoring this meeting. It will be held at the Greenhorn Grange at 6 p.m. This is a potluck, so please bring a hot and cold dish to share.
Rich Marshall, president of the Siskiyou Water Users, said Attorney Kogan just finished a symposium on dams and water issues in Montana and his information is relative to saving the Klamath dams from federal destruction. The meeting is free.

Presidential debate

Nationally, polls are being held to see who is favored to win the Republican Candidate nomination for U.S. President. Two weeks ago, the Siskiyou Co. Republican Central Committee and friends sat down together and watched the three-hour debate of the top 11 GOP candidates. A straw poll was taken before the debate showing a huge favoritism for Ben Carson, Ph.D. After the debate, the Siskiyou Republicans apparently appreciated Carly Fiorina for her gutsy comments giving her the edge to win the debate.
Of course there is a long battle ahead as states will not be holding their Primary Elections until several months into 2016. But it was a fun exercise for an election that is truly up-in-the-air.

Sour dough

I think the Jefferson State Flixx Fest must have been a great success. At least it was in Callahan. Mt. Bolivar Grange Master Jeffy Davis thought that more than 60 might be showing up for the Grange-sponsored dinner before the two films were to be shown last Friday night, so I made eight dozen rolls. It was a tasty dinner with Jimmy Sutter cooking tri-tip to medium-rare perfection; Shirley Gilmore’s famous beans and just-right green salad. And, yep, they ran out of food. Johnny Callahan and his band played music outside in the parking lot to the gathering crowd as the sun set. It was a fine night in Callahan.
To be sure I would have enough sour dough, I started on Monday night with two cups of my sour dough starter adding three cups of flour, milk and a quarter cup of sugar. I stirred it up, put a kitchen towel over it and the next morning it was sour dough, bubbling and thick. I took out two cups of sour dough as starter for the next batch and put it in the quart jar and in the refrig. I kept adding flour, milk and sugar for several days and ended up with about a gallon-and-a-half of sour dough. This was divided into three batches, adding baking powder, baking soda and salt to each batch and more flour – then all mixed by hand. After cutting each roll, it is dipped in melted butter and placed in the pan for several hours of rising. The Grange’s gas ovens did a great job baking them.
Because this sour dough came to my mom from local Callahan native Judd Sullivan in 1941, I put together a bit of history on the Sullivan family that settled the upper Wildcat Creek Ranch in the 1870s. That info, plus more about the Sullivans, can be found on my website.


Scott Valley Protect Our Water President Mike Adams shared the newest info on suction dredge mining to the POW supporters last Thursday night. Apparently, the gold miners will now need to obtain additional permits from the Regional and State Water Quality Control Boards to use their little suction machines and in doing so must prove they will cause no harm.
It has been proven that salmon prefer to lay their eggs where the miners have cleaned the gravels. The salmon seem to know that the oxygen-inhibiting sediment has been cleaned out from the gravels. So the miners believe that it should be on the government to prove harm not the miners.
There was additional information on the CA. Dept. of Fish and Wildlife (Game) 1600 permit, legislative bills, Congressman Doug LaMalfa’s office, State of Jefferson and a significant report from the Scott Valley Groundwater Advisory Committee. I will discuss those next week.

Liz Bowen is a native of Siskiyou County and lives near Callahan. Call her at 530-467-3515.
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James A. Sullivan and Margaret M. Samon family

First, let’s start with a basic listing of the family.

James A. Sullivan was born in Ireland around 1847. By the 1870 U.S. Federal census, James and a Daniel Sullivan are found living near the Callahan Ranch Post Office in an area called “South” Siskiyou County, California. Daniel was born in Ireland around 1830. (I don’t know if he was James’ father or older brother or an uncle.)

The Patrick Samon family is also listed in the 1870 U.S. census as living near the Callahan Ranch Post Office. Patrick gives his birth place as Ireland. His family included:

Patrick Samon – father age 41, born abt 1829
Ellen Samon – mother age 40, born abt 1830
Maggy (Margaret) Samon – age 16, born abt 1855
Michael Samon – age 10, born abt 1960
Mary Samon – age 8, born abt 1862
Katy Samon – age 6, born abt 1960

Note: In the 1870 census the family’s name is spelled “Salmon”, but on their headstones in the Callahan Catholic Cemetery, and in other census, it is spelled without the “L” as Samon.


Soon after 1870, James A. Sullivan and Margaret M. Samon married and were living at upper Wildcat Creek property. According to the census records, all the children were born at the Wildcat ranch.

Children born to James and Margaret:

Cornelius (Con) F. Sullivan, born 1874, inherited the Wildcat Ranch or purchased it from his family. He lived in the two-story Victorian home built on the ranch, below the sloping huge meadow, until his death in 1954. Electricity was not brought up to the Sullivan house until the late 1970s. Con is buried in the Callahan Catholic Cemetery.

Francis (Frank) D. Sullivan, born 1877, later owned one or two ranches down on Sugar Creek and across the Scott River on the Eastside. In the 1940 U.S. Census, Frank said his occupation was “miner” and his “industry” was gold mine. Frank died at St. Joseph Hospital in Stockton, CA., but is buried at the Callahan Catholic Cemetery.

Jerome J. Sullivan was born 26 July 1879. He died in 10 May 1914. He is buried in the Callahan Catholic Cemetery.

Ella K. Sullivan was born 15 July 1883. She tragically died three days after the birth of her second child, Homer W. Schneider, on 20 May 1905. She is buried at the Callahan Catholic Cemetery.

Robert (Bob) P. Sullivan was born 1 Aug. 1885, owned a large ranch between Sugar Creek and Wildcat Creek. He married Mary Edith Webster on 1 Aug. 1916 at the St. Joseph Catholic Church in Yreka, CA. Bob died in 1971 and is buried at the Callahan Catholic Cemetery.

James (Judd) B. Sullivan was born 29 June 1890. He was a gold miner and expert with dynamite. Judd enjoyed using a sour dough and gave Jeanne Fowler a start, when she married Hearst Dillman 1 June 1941. Judd is not buried in the Callahan Cemetery. Judd died 8 July 1975 in Yuba, CA., according to the Social Security Death Index.

Both parents, James A. Sullivan and Margaret Samon Sullivan Davis are buried in the Callahan Catholic Cemetery.

Stories and info

Wildcat Creek and the South Fork of Scott River became thick with gold miners in the late 1800s starting the 1850s. James Sullivan either purchased his ranch up Wildcat Creek in Siskiyou County, California, or homesteaded it. (That is my next search.)
In one historical account about mining in the Wildcat area, A.H. Denny fenced in a gulch above the Sullivan Ranch on Wildcat Creek. He bought milk cows and sold the milk to miners during winter. During summer, the cows were driven to the Denny Farm over the Scott Mt. divide, on Coffee Creek and milk was sold there.

As the Sullivan children became of age, they attended school over at Frenchmen’s Flats on the South Fork of the Scott River. Steve Farrington recalls that he was told the oldest child or children led a horse or mule loaded with several younger children over several hills and gulches to the school. The Callahan School would have actually been a further ride down stream by several miles.

Around 1897, there was another gold rush in Idaho. The gold rush in the Boise Basin began in 1862, but over 30 years later, James Sullivan decided to go to Idaho to seek for gold. Unfortunately, he died there in 1897. There is a grave marker for James A. Sullivan in the Callahan Catholic Cemetery. He left his wife, Margaret, and six children.
Margaret Sullivan married Henry L. Davis before the 1900 U.S. Federal Census, which shows most of Margaret’s children living with them. There were Frank, age 22; Jerome, age 20; Ella, age 17; Robert, age 14; and James (Judd) age 9.
That 1900 Census actually shows the eldest, Con, living with his Uncle Michael J. Samon and his family. This family also lived in or near Callahan, CA.

To finish up on Daniel Sullivan, born 1830 in Ireland, he is also found in the Callahan Catholic Cemetery with a death date of 20 May 1877.

There is still more that is known of these families. I will write it up soon and post it, particularly the story of Ella K. Sullivan.

MORE to come —

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Judd Sullivan Sour Dough

Comment: Last night, for the Mt. Bolivar Grange dinner in Callahan, I made 8 dozen sour dough rolls. We fed over 80 folks that came in for the Jefferson State Flixx Fest two showings of films. Jim Sutter barbecued fabulous beef tri-tip, Shirly Gilmore made her famous beans and the Grange Master Jeffy Marx put together an awesome salad. Hard worker, Brenda Hurlimann kept the food coming — packing it up and down the stairs to the above hall. Johnny Callahan and his band played music outside on the stage making a festive event. Below is the flier of info that I put together for the diners to learn more about this Callahan area sour dough that is at least 80 years old. My next post will share more history on the Sullivan family — one of many that settled this area of Siskiyou County, California in the late 1800s. — Liz Bowen

Judd Sullivan Sour Dough

Sour dough is known as a main-stay for gold miners and ranchers. The rolls served with your dinner tonight are from a sour dough that has been used continuously for over 80 years in Scott Valley. Liz Bowen was given the sour dough start, soon after she married 41 years ago and her mother, Jeanne Dillman, was given the start by Callahan native gold miner Judd Sullivan, when she married in 1941. Regular fare includes rolls, bread and pancakes.
Around 1890, James (Judd) Barnard Sullivan was born at his parents’ Wild Cat Creek Ranch two miles from Callahan. His family, along with many other miners, found gold in Wild Cat Creek and the South Fork of the Scott River in the late 1800s.
Judd’s father, James A. Sullivan, emigrated from Ireland and was counted in the 1870 U.S. Census living near Callahan Ranch Post Office. Soon after the census, James married Margaret Samon. Their first child, Cornelius was born in 1874 and the family grew to five boys and a daughter, Ella.
Although rather quiet about their gold mining and abilities, Judd became adept with dynamite. He was known to be so efficient that he could use just enough of the power to gently roll a tree stump out of the ground, instead of blowing it to smithereens.
Two brothers, Bob and Frank, purchased several more ranches near Callahan raising cattle and farming in the early 1900s.
How Judd obtained this sour dough is a mystery. It is rather unusual, because it is made with milk instead of water. To expand the sour dough from its starter, whole milk, flour and a bit of sugar are added and then set to sour for 12 hours. Happy Eating!

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Sullivan family article coming on Saturday, Sept. 26, 2015

I have been researching and learning more about the Sullivan family that bought the upper Wild Cat Creek Ranch in the 1870s and will share it with you tomorrow, Sept. 26th, so please stop back by.

Right now I got to get 98 sour dough rolls to the Mt. Bolivar Grange in Callahan to be baked for the Jefferson State Flixx Festival dinner tonight.

– Liz Bowen

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Liz Writes Life 9-22-15

Sept. 22, 2015
Liz Writes Life

Published by Siskiyou Daily News, Yreka, CA

We picked four more giant boxes of ripe tomatoes this past week then I picked a bucket full of green tomatoes and 14 giant green bell peppers and made 24 pints of Green Tomato Sweet Relish. I did the cutting and cooking and Jack did the grinding with the hand-grinder.
Jack decided to transplant more than 50 onions that grew from seed I planted in July. They are about seven inches tall and look like they transplanted well. I will give them a shot of fertilizer this week to help their roots grow. One cabbage is setting on a head, but the other has been eaten up by bugs. Bummer.
We picked the rest of the cantaloupes and are trying to get them eaten up. Guess we will now start wondering when our first hard frost will hit?
Scott Valley Protect Our Water will meet this week on Thursday, Sept. 24th at the Fort Jones Community Center. Time is 7 p.m. Remember to bring a dessert to share, if you can, as we eat before, during and after.
President Mike Adams will share some new info on the CA. Dept. of Fish and Wildlife (called Fish and Game for years) and their drive for more monies. A spokesman from the Scott Valley Groundwater Advisory Committee will give us an update on the water levels. Erin Ryan, rep. for Congressman Doug LaMalfa will let us know what is going on in WA. D.C. and Mark Baird will have the newest on the counties now part of the “State of Jefferson” project.
Film Festival
It’s here! The Jefferson State Flixx Fest starts Thursday and goes through Sunday night with an awards dinner at Scott River Ranch at 7 p.m. I sure appreciate the flexibility that you can get a ticket to just one film for $7 or purchase the entire weekend for $60. Thursday night kicks-off with “The Great Alone” featuring Lance Mackey, Iditarod Sleddog Race Champion, who will be here in person with one of his dogs. Most of the films will be shown at The REC in Fort Jones, but Friday night two films will be shown in Callahan.
You can call 598-6080 or check out the website “” for information on the 32 productions that will be shown. This is quite exciting inviting film producers and film critics to showcase their creations in the heart of “The State of Jefferson.”

Mt. Bolivar Grange is holding a special dinner (with reservations) at 6:30 p.m. before the films are shown and I was asked to make sour dough rolls for the 60 diners. Since the weekend is about story-telling, I decided share a bit about my sour dough.

First there are all kinds of sour dough and it has been made throughout the world. Basically, sour dough is water, sugar and flour that is set to ferment and becomes a type of yeast for making breads. You always keep a “starter” (1 to 2 cups) that is used to produce another batch of sour dough. My sour dough is a little different in that it uses milk instead of water. Having had extra milk (when we were first married Jack milked a cow) I easily understand how milk was utilized instead of water.

My sour dough has been in existence for over 80 years, at the least. Yep, that’s right. Judd Sullivan, born near Callahan around 1890, gave a start to my mom, Jeanne Fowler Dillman, when she married my dad, Hearst Dillman, in 1941. I grew up with mom making the best rolls and pancakes from this sour dough. When I married, she gave me a start — well several starts as mine went bad from lack of use several times. My last start came from Betty Morrison, whom mom gave a start when she and Bill moved to Scott Valley in the early 1960s. Although round-about, my sour dough is authentic Judd Sullivan.

How Judd obtained the sour dough is the mystery. Maybe he started it or maybe his mom started it.

I assume his father, James A. Sullivan, left Ireland to search for gold in California. In the 1870 U.S. Census James is living near Callahan. And I assume that he must have found sufficient gold as he settled the upper Wild Cat Ranch. James married Margaret Samon and their first child, Cornelius, was born in 1874. Several more sons and a daughter, Ellen, also joined the family. Judd became a master with dynamite. My brother, Steve Dillman, remembers him better than I do and said that he could use just enough of the powder to roll a tree stump out of the ground instead of blowing it up. Efficient. For sure, Judd worked gold mines in the Callahan area, so I think we can safely say that his sour dough is Siskiyou-gold-miner authentic!

Liz Bowen is a native of Siskiyou County and lives near Callahan. Call her at 530-467-3515.
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Liz Writes Life 9-15-14

Sept. 15, 2015
Liz Writes Life

Published in Siskiyou Daily News, Yreka, CA

We are new grandparents! My son and his wife, Branden and Deana, are the proud parents of a new baby boy. He was born last week at the Fairchild Hospital in Yreka. His name is Jack Wayne Bowen. He is very cute and joins his siblings: Kylie, Bryce, Colton and Lexie. Fun times!
Whew, the only thing getting me through those very hot days last week was the thought that is was the end-of-summer heat wave. I also put great trust in the weatherman, who kept saying that it will cool off (a lot) this week. Ugg it was hot!
Of course, the heat didn’t hurt the tomatoes that were starting to turn red. We traded a lug to Steve and Sharon Farrington for more sawdust that will be used for mulch. Good trade. The bell pepper plants are full again and so I will start making batches of “Green Tomato Sweet Relish” made with green tomatoes, bell peppers and onions.
The cucumbers have really slowed, but they are producing enough for salads. We harvested broccoli last week – twice.
We have been eating cantaloupe and the last two yellow watermelons were too ripe. Bummer. The new onions are six-inches tall and need to be transplanted, but I didn’t want to do it in the heat wave. I did get a bed ready. This week of cooler temps and maybe rain will be perfect for transplanting. The 18 or so onions that made it through transplanting a month ago (from the Yreka Community Garden) are growing well.
My husband recently complained that the zucchini was the first to produce and will likely be the last, which means we are tired of eating zucchini. And, yep, just a few months ago we could hardly wait for the zucchini. A friend gave me some apples and, oh my, they are really good. I think they are red delicious, so fall is certainly coming. Our concord grapes are also ripe. Pretty early as they usually need some frosts.
There is quite the controversy in California over Senate Bill 277 that demands vaccinations for all children. While I understand that my generation has grown up with life-saving vaccinations, I will state that I no longer trust our government or pharmaceutical companies to always do the right thing. I believe that SB 277 takes away parental and, ultimately, individual rights guaranteed us in the Bill of Rights.
I realize there is always a threat of an epidemic, but I hope those in favor of SB 277 will grant that most people — starting with the Baby Boomers (my generation) and succeeding generations — have received vaccinations. Yet, it is now being learned that many vaccinations have trace amounts of elements that are not needed and could or are causing other problems in babies and children.
For those who are curious, a special documentary will be held this week starting tonight. It is called “Trace Amount” and exposes mercury and other elements hidden in some vaccines and the resulting effects on some children. “Trace Amounts” is credited for persuading lawmakers in Oregon to scrap a bill similar to California’s SB 277, which would have eliminated person vaccine exemptions. That is all we are asking for – the right for personal/parental exemptions. Government mandates on individual rights are a slippery slope.
The first showing is tonight, Tues. Sept. 15th at 6:30 p.m. at the Greenhorn Grange in Yreka.
The second part of the documentary will be shown Thurs. Sept. 17th at 6:30 p.m. at the Mt. Shasta Sisson Museum on Old Stage Road in Mount Shasta.
Petitions will be available to sign for a referendum to overturn SB 277, which has already been passed by the state legislature and signed by Governor Jerry Brown. For more info, call Louise Gliatto at 530-842-5443.
The Mt. Bolivar Grange is holding a steak tri-tip barbecue with home-cooked beans, salad and bread for just $15 on Friday, Sept. 25th. It starts at 6:30 p.m. This is part of the Flixx Film Festival starting in Fort Jones on Sept. 24th and goes all weekend. Callahan isn’t typically the type of setting where reservations are needed, but because the Jefferson State Flixx Film Festival is expecting a crowd from both in-the-valley and out-of-the-valley, please call 530-598-0645 to get a seat. After the dinner, several films will be shown at the Callahan venue. Sounds like a great time.
The Flixx Film Festival kicks-off on Thurs. Sept. 24 at noon at The REC in Fort Jones and will show 22 movies throughout the weekend. Prices vary from the entire four days to admission to just one movie. Great flexibility! For more info, check out the webite: Flixx
Scott Valley Protect Our Water meets on Thurs Sept. 24, 2015 at 7 p.m. at the Fort Jones Community Center.
Liz Bowen is a native of Siskiyou County and lives near Callahan. Call her at 530-467-3515.
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